The 19th century was a tremendous period of political and social evolution in the city. Thanu Pillai was installed in office on 24th March, 1948.In 1904, the Shri Moolam Assembly became the first democratically elected legislature in the country With the accession of Travancore to the Indian Union after Independence, the policy of the State Government as well as the political atmosphere underwent radical changes. Consequent on the recommendations of the State Reorganization Commission, the four southern taluk’s of Thovala, Agasheeswaram, Kalkulam and Vilavancode were merged Kerala’s capital city Thiruvananthapuram may be a mouthful for visitors, but fortunately it usually goes by its Anglicized name, Trivandrum.
The city is well connected to most of the other major cities of India through rail, road, and air networks.
The Ays were the leading political power till the beginning of the 10th century A. The disappearance of the Ays as a major political power synchronized with the emergence of the rulers of Venad.
The rule of Ays date back to the early tenth century and it extended from Nagercoil in the South to Tiruvalla in the North.
Thiruvananthapuram literally translates into the “abode of Lord Anantha” The statement is quite appropriate since the Anantha Padmanabha swamy temple is at the heart of the town.
The city is also considered as the art capital of the state of Kerala.
Though Portuguese were the first Europeans to land on the West coast in the early sixteenth century but the Dutch craftily expanded their domain by signing treaties and pacts with the British to ensure trading centers.